Bagaimana Penggunaan "In spite of", 'despite', although, even though, dan though?

Tahukah kalian Bagaimana cara mengekspresikan makna pertentangan dalam bahasa Inggris??
Sering sekali kita jumpai kalimat yang bermakna pertentangan dalam teks ataupun soal bahasa inggris. Postingan kita kali ini akan berbincang Penggunaan "In spite of", 'despite', although, even though, dan though" dengan contoh kalimatnya. Bagaimana Penggunaan dan adakah perbedaan dalam rumus atau polanya??
Sebelum belajar, Coba pelajari beberapa contoh kalimat di bawah ini :
Although The weather is bad, John keeps going to school.
In Spite of the bad weather, John keeps going to school.
Even though The weather is bad, John keeps going to school.
though the weather is bad, John keeps going to school
Despite the bad weather, John keeps going to school

Penjelasan  

"In spite of", 'despite', although, even though, dan though" digunakan untuk menghubungkan dua hal yang bermakna pertentangan.dan maknanya ( Meskipun , walaupun ). Penempatan "In spite of", 'despite', although, even though, dan though" bisa berada di awal, atau ditengah kalimat. Untuk lebih jelasnya mari kita pelajari satu demi satu. 

In spite of dan Despite

"In spite of dan Despite" adalah sebuah preposisi ( kata depan ), dan maknya meskipun/walaupun. "
In spite of dan Despite harus diikuti dengan kata benda atau phrase benda bisa juga pronoun seperti this/that/him/her /, Gerund ( v1 ing ), Noun Clause . Perhatikan contoh :

  • In spite of The rain, I enjoy the party.  ( diikuti benda )
  • Despite the rain, I enjoy the party. ( diikuti benda )
  • In spite of his bad comment, I still respect him. ( diikuti Noun Phrase )
  • In spite of having many problems, I am always happy. ( diikuti Gerund )
  • In spite of what i said yesterday, I still love you. ( diikuti Noun Clause )

The rain adalah kata benda, difungsikan sebagai objeknya preposisi in spite of dan despite.
Note : Kata benda = Noun ( The rain ) . Phrase benda = adjective + benda (The heavy rain ).
Contoh penggunaan yang salah :In spite of / Despite the rain is heavy , I enjoy the party. tidak boleh menggunakan kalimat setelah " in spite of dan despite".
Ingat! tidak ada Despite of
kita juga dapat menulis :

  • I keep going to school in spite of the rain.
  • She is not well, but despite this she continuous working.
  • I still love you despite the broken heart. 

although, even though, dan though

although, even though, dan though memiliki makna yang sama yaitu meskipun/ walaupun. untuk penggunaannya harus diikuti kalimat ( S + V ). Perhatikan contoh dibawah ini:
  • She doesn't get the job although she has all the qualifications 
  • although she has all the qualifications, She doesn't get the job
  • I can't sleep though I am so tired
  • though I am so tired, I can't sleep
Note: Dalam "Speaking" though dapat diletakkan di akhir kalimat.
The house is not so good, I like the garden though (= but i like the garden )

In spite of the fact that   S    + V 

In spite of the fact that he works really hard, he doesn't pass the exam.
Despite the fact that he works very hard, he doesn't pass the exam
Penempatan In spite of dan Despite juga Bisa di Tengah 
he doesn't pass the exam In spite of the fact that he works really hard

In spite of dan Because of 

dua hal diatas adalah preposisi dimana masing - masing harus diikuti dengan kata benda. because of bermakna "karena"
Because of the rain, I can't go to school. ( Karena hujan , saya tidak bisa berangkat ke sekolah )
In spite of the rain, I go to school ( Meskipun hujan, Saya berangkat ke sekolah )

Itulah aturan penggunaan In spite of, 'despite', although, even though, dan though beserta contohnya dalam kalimat. Semoga materi ini bisa bermanfaat untuk kalian. jangan lupa untuk berkomentar jika ada hal yang ditanyakan.



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