Past Continuous Rumus dan Fungsi

Past continuous

A Definisi

Past continuous adalah tenses yang berfungsi untuk mengungkapkan suatu kejadian yang berlangsung pada waktu tertentu dimasa lampau.

B. Rumus 

Rumus Aktif
+
S
Was /were
V1 ing
-
S
Was /were not
V1ing
?
Was /were
S
V1ing?
John was reading an article at 7 pm last night.
John was not reading an article at 7 pm last night.
was John reading an article at 7 pm last night?.
John sedang membaca artikel pada jam 7 tadi malam.
Note : Verb ing digunakan untuk menunjukkan kegiatan tersebut sedang berlangsung, dan Tobe ( Was/Were ) untuk menunjukkan kapan kegiatan tersebut berlangsung. Penggunaan Tobe tergantung dari subjek yang digunakan.

Subjek I, you, we, they: Were,  dan Subjek He, She, It: was
Rumus Passive
+
S
Was /were being
V3
-
S
Was /were not being
V3
?
Was/were
S
V3?

An Apple was being eaten by me
An Apple was not being eaten by me
was an apple being eaten by you? Yes, I was. No, I was not
( Sebuah ap dimakan oleh saya )
Note :
Rumus Kalimat passive past continuous hanya menambah kata "being diantara was/ were" dan V3.
Kalimat passive bermakna di/ter.
Rumus Nominal
+
S
Was /were
cs
-
S
Was /were not
cs
?
Was/were
S
cs?

An Apple was on the table last night
An Apple was on the table last night
was an apple on the table last night?Yes, It was. No, It was not
( Apel itu berada diatas meja tadi malam )
Note : Kalimat Nominal ada kalimat yang tidak bermakna kegiatan, Setelah Tobe was/were diikuti dengan "Cs" atau pelengkap subjek yang bisa berupa Kata benda , kata sifat , kata keterangan.

C. Keterangan Waktu/ Adverb of Time

All morning yesterday                    : sepanjang waktu kemarin
At 07 o’clock yesterday                   : pada jam 7 kemarin
When                                                  : ketika
While                                                  : sementara itu
As                                                        : pada saat
At the same time yesterday            : pada jam sama kemarin

D.Fungsi

1. Untuk menunjukkan kegiatan yang berlangsung di waktu lampau
Jack was having an exercise at 06.00 yesterday ( jack sedang berolahraga pada jam 6 kemarin )

2. Untuk menunjukkan kegiatan yang sedang berlangsung dan dipotong oleh kegiatan lain di masa lampau.
Budi was having an exercise when his father came back home yesterday. ( Budi sedang berolahraga ketika ayahnya pulang )
While I was watching Tv, My father came home last night. ( Ketika saya sedang menonton TV, Ayah saya tiba-tiba pulang tadi malam )
Note : Kegiatan sedang berlangsung dipotong oleh kegiatan lain di masa lampau )

3. Untuk menyatakan kegiatan yang sama-sama sedang berlangsung dimasa lampau.
I was watching Tv while My mother was making dinner last night. ( Saya sedang nonton Tv sedangkan Ibu saya sedang membuat makan malam )

Dua konsep kejadian Tenses Past continuous 

When
  • S + was /were v1ing When S + v2 / was,were 
  • When S + v2 / was,were , S + was/were v1ing
I was watching Tv When My father came home last night / When my father came last night, I was watching Tv.
I was sitting when my father was at the office

While

  • S + was/were v1 ing While S + was /were v1 ing 

I was sitting while my father was reading a novel.
  • While S + was/were v1 ing, S + V2/ was,were
While I was sitting, My father came home
While I was sitting, My father was still at the office

As
  • S + was /were + v1 ing As S + v2 /was, were
I was watching TV As My father came home
Note:  perhatikan saja tenses yang digunakan sebelum dan setelah penghubung, dan ingat ingat penghubung yang digunakan ya..
Nah itulah Materi Past Continuous yang meliputi pengertian, rumus, fungsi, dan contoh kalimatnya. semoga artikel ini bermanfaat. jangan lupa untuk meninggalkan komentar kalian ya!.

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